The Dynamics of Off-grid Lighting Adoption

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The present report documents the overall methods developed by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory for measuring the dynamics of off-grid lighting adoption and findings on the dynamics of the early market for LED lighting in Kenya.

This paper identifies wide variations in baseline kerosene fuel use, the only partial degree to which kerosene was displaced, the value of high-frequency utilization information derived from embedded micro data loggers, consumer willingness to pay for improved lights, and the confounding effects of market spoiling due to low-quality LED products.

The outcomes from this work are relevant for scoping the next generation of market monitoring and evaluation efforts to track global progress on energy access.