Energy, Energy Storage

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Stressed populations in post-disaster, post-war and/or impoverished situations will likely experience a disruption in electric power. In many instances the infrastructure will be severely damaged, and alternative electrical power sources will be needed until the system can be restored. In other cases, where a population is displaced and is living in a temporary camp, electrical power will be needed for lights to provide security, heating or cooling the population, and to meet many other life support requirements that consume electrical power. Integrated, renewable and mobile energy solutions are key in providing sustainable support in development and reconstruction environments.

Many variables need to be considered in order to provide sustainable and self-sustaining power solutions for small and large scale operations in emergency environments. If there is no stable power grid, alternative solutions (derived from wind, solar, micro-hydro, hybrid, etc.) may be critical to survival or recovery. However, not every power provision suits all situations. The needs of individuals, resource availability and the integration of civil-military capabilities sharing in the scenario all play a role in determining the most fitting integrated approach to energy solutions.


STAR-TIDES is working to provide a useful database of information for inexpensive, sustainable energy technologies and infrastructures that can be supplied to emergency situations and development scenarios with minimal transportation costs.

Other helpful collections of power and alternative energy solutions include:

  • The United Nations International Sustainable Energy Organization (UNISEO) at UNISEO provides a comprehensive collection of various alternative energy solutions, as well as pertinent information on policy, legal and other issues relating to energy.
  • The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) is an intergovernmental organization that works to promote the adoption of renewable energy. Created in 2009, IRENA consists of 137 member states and seeks to provide policy advice and aid in capacity building and the transfer of technology.
  • The International Network for Sustainable Energy (INFORSE) seeks to reduce poverty and help protect the environment by promoting sustainable and renewable energy solutions. The INFORSE website provides various resources, including a world-wide database of participating organizations, web-based information on EU policy and energy and climate resources for school programs.
  • The Sphere Project is a good resource that offers common standards used by the international community, when providing support to disaster victims, refugees, and other displaced populations. Energy production is considered a non-food-item (NFI) according to the Sphere standards. Most of the guidance provided focuses on sustaining and collecting fuel, as it relates to cooking only. The standards appear to be lacking more detailed information on the use and sustainable nature of energy. However, TIDES highly recommends that those involved in such operations become familiar with the Sphere Standards available at the above link.


The following is a list of other resources that provide helpful information on energy related issues within the emergency and disaster relief arena.

The World Electric Guide
The following link provides information on national electric grids and plugs.
A United Nations Development Programme compendium (.pdf) of power supply items and other equipment suitable for emergency relief operations:
Key features and what to look for in portable generators:
Global policy information on renewable energy:
United Nations Military Civil Defense Assets (MCDA)
Includes a “power service module,” which provides information on services that “generate electricity for power supply to equipment and camp installations in support of humanitarian relief operations”
USAID Field Operations Guide for Disaster Assessment and Response
A good source of information on needs assessments:
Electrochemical energy as a power source:
>A micro-hydro power source information repository:


Each link will lead you to a new page that lists power solutions under these broad categories. (Note: TIDES does not endorse any specific products or stores, nor are we responsible for the content on the links.)

Equipment Providers

  • Solar
  • Microhydro
  • Wind
  • Electrochemical and Generators
  • Consulting Services

Planning factors common to all power solutions are:

  • Costs – initial set-up investment of unit, transportation and upkeep costs.
  • Output wattage (kW)
  • Frequency in hertz (Hz)
  • Voltage
  • Designated plug types available (A through M, based on the World Electric Guide)
  • Size of equipment – weight and dimensions of packaging and of fully deployed unit.
  • Upkeep requirements –attrition of parts? Are any materials reusable?
  • Number of operators required
  • Operator training/difficulty of upkeep
  • Maintenance (man hours/day)
  • Environmental considerations – i.e. minimum hours of sunlight exposure?


List of solar powered equipment providers:

Global Solar Energy, Inc.
Carmanah Technologies Corporation
Stirling Energy Systems
International Automated Systems, Inc.
Tessera Solar
Silicon Solar Inc.
SUNRNR of Virginia, Inc.
Sustainable Energy Services Afghanistan
Power Up Co.
Shift Power Solutions
Coyle Industries
WorldWater and Solar Technologies INC
Next Wave Solutions, LLC


List of micro-hydro powered equipment providers:

HydroCoil Power, Inc.
International Automated Systems, Inc.
Vortex Hydro Energy
Energy Systems & Design, Ltd.
Bourne Energy
Hydro Green Energy
Run of the River Power
Ing Arveid Nesheim


List of wind powered equipment providers:

Parafold Towers
Humdinger Wind Energy, LLC
Silicon Solar Inc.
Windspire by Mariah Power
Helix Wind
Green Wavelength
Sustainable Energy Services Afghanistan
Power Up Co.
Shift Power Solutions


List of electrochemical powered equipment and generator providers:

ABSL Power Solutions
Titan Energy Worldwide, Inc.
Fuel Cells UK
SUNRNR of Virginia, Inc.
Sustainable Energy Services Afghanistan
Honda Power Equipment


List of providers of consulting services:

3TIER, Inc.
Sustainable Energy Services Afghanistan
Fuel Cells UK
Energy for Opportunity
Energy Planet - Renewable Energy Directory
Solar Aid

HydroCoil Power, Inc. - "Hydrocoil Turbine"-

The HydroCoil turbine is a Hydroelectric product.
This infrastructure is portable , simply designed, easy to install, and characterized by a light weight . It also has the advantage to be quiet.
This HydroCoil turbine can be used for several purposes; for municipal water treatment plants, industrial processes (i.e. paper mills, pharmaceutical and food processing),irrigation canals, remote monitoring (i.e. reservoir security, pipelines, seismic, weather,and military ),etc.


MILSPRAY- Scorpion Energy Hunter (Renewable Energy Systems)

Scorpion Energy Hunter™ is a deployable system with an Intelligent Power Center™ that has the capability to harvest solar power. The Scorpion system works in any environment and any location. It is flexible and adaptable so that solar power can be effectively harvested at any site. Since it is based on the Quadcon footprint, it is modular and scalable to meet a variety of requirements.


Biolite Campstove

No fuel to buy or carry: Our stoves cook your meals with nothing but the twigs you collect on your journey, eliminating the need for heavy, expensive, polluting petroleum gas. Quick to light, fast to boil and easy to use.

Charge your gadgets: By converting heat from the fire into usable electricity, our stoves will recharge your phones, lights and other gadgets while you cook dinner.


Sirona Cares

Our Mission: To build sustainable communities.
The Sirona Cares Foundation (SCF) builds sustainable communities by addressing two of the most damaging and persistent patterns in the developing world: poverty and ecological destruction. Our pilot program, started in Haitian rural communities, establishes a stable economic base through jatropha farming, while supporting the health and education of children; this program is fully scalable and applicable to the great majority of countries in the developing world.


Hybrid Pedals- Solar Powered Electric Bikes

Solar Powered Electric Bikes

“Green” potential of eBikes, to replace gas-powered transportation in ways never before possible, Hybrid Pedals has taken the idea further with its subsidiary, Seamless Solar Solutions. Solar charging takes the benefits of eBikes to a whole new level, providing off-the-grid flexibility and utility that opens the door to new uses of eBikes.

•EMW Folding Panel (opposite)
•MPPT Genasun Solar Charge
​Controlers (for Li Ion batteries)
•Thrust Delivery Bike with Solbianflex Solar Panel
•Pedicab with Solar Panel


SUNRNR of Virginia, Inc.- "SUNRNR"-

The "SUNRNR" product is described as a renewable energy portable generator. In fact, the "SUNRNR" product is the solution for your off the grid, supplemental, backup electricity needs.
This product offers the highest quality and output and, units are available in 110 or 240 VAC, 50 or 60 Hz, wind & water, and turbine-ready.

The "SUNRNR" product consists of 5 specific uses including:


Solar Stik - Solar Stik™ 100 Nano HD Power Station -

The Solar Stik™ 100 Nano HD Power Station is described as a basic DC solar generator designed to provide maximum solar power using cooler panel operation temperatures and direct sunlight as basic operational principles . Its design allows for easy storage, rapid deployment, and secure transport inside ONE custom Pelican™ case.It incorporates extreme portability, adaptability, and independent power for medium duty applications and is available in either 12VDC or 24VDC models.