The water portal illustrates a selection of smart water technologies. We are working on making this portal comprehensive and contain full explanations on how to implement these technologies, complete with lots of reference manuals and links. For information on managing drought, using water resource technologies and other strategies: Resilient WASH systems in drought-prone areas.
Water, Sanitation, Hygiene
Clean water is essential to human survival in all environments. This is especially true for stressed populations in post-disaster, post-war, and/or impoverished situations. Since lack of water is one of the principal causes of death among refugee populations and a reliable source of water is needed for community development, the provision of clean drinking water is a crucial task not only for emergency responders but also for development planners. Water collection, storage, treatment, and transportation analysis must be conducted.
STAR-TIDES is working to provide a useful database of information for inexpensive, sustainable infrastructure that can be supplied to emergency situations and development scenarios with minimal transportation costs. Towards this end, a Dutch non-profit organization named Akvo has created a website (www.akvo.org) that is a great resource for individuals, government officials, and NGOs seeking information on sustainable solutions to typical water (and sanitation) problems.
Akvo.org also catalogues numerous sustainable solutions to typical development problems and emergency situations in its online encyclopedia named akvopedia. In the portal for water, it exhaustively lists available technologies for:
- lifting and distribution
- storage and recharge
- treatment & testing
- use of water
All water treatment and water supply devices that are listed have a description, picture, and information on various pros and cons. There is a comparably detailed portal for sanitation.
In addition, the akvopedia site has a section labeled Organizations Portal that divides organizations interested in water/sanitation into: NGOs, government organizations, knowledge and research organizations, funding organizations and commercial companies. Each listing has a URL to follow.
Also on akvopedia is an Approaches Portal that helps walk through:
- Product/service development (how to decide if a technology or business plan is appropriate, sustainable, etc
- Service delivery approaches (community controlled vs. private enterprise, etc.)
- Promotion/Demand stimulation (use of media and market development), and
- Support systems/Enabling environment (legislation, public-private partnerships, etc.)
In sum, by going to the Akvopedia page, an individual or organization requiring water resources can:
- Customize a water program by choosing from the various options under the water portal categories to suit their individual needs.
- Identify other organizations that could might have mutual interests, and
- Get ideas about business models, financing, technical assistance, etc.
Other helpful organizations (not yet listed on the Akvo portal) are:
- Aquaya Institute
- They focus on reducing the global burden of waterborne disease across three fields: technological development, delivery models, and impact measurement. Specifically see their work on water refill business-in-a-box that can help small businesses deliver safe water. http://www.aquaya.org
- Lifewater International
- A Christian non-profit organization supporting the empowerment of communities in developing countries to gain safe water, sanitation and personal hygiene. http://www.lifewater.org
- Safewater network
- Founded by a group of passionate and globally-minded business and civic leaders and philanthropists, Safe Water Network brings together philanthropy, academia and the private and public sectors to develop, optimize, validate, and implement viable water solutions that provide safe drinking water to the world's poor.
- Global Water Challenge
- “…A coalition of 24 leading organizations creating a global movement of transformational change around water and sanitation. GWC focuses on collaborative learning, connecting leaders, and investing in sustainable, scalable and replicable projects.”
- An international charity organization working towards the universal provision of safe and clean drinking water.
- Global Water Fund
- “…a Global Water Consultancy that provides solutions to government and business with regard to the growing global water crisis. The Global Water Fund facilitates partnerships between senior government officials and the business community in order to achieve commitments and action towards vital water resources.”
- The Sphere Project
- When providing support to disaster victims, refugees, and other displaced populations, The Sphere Project is a good resource that offers common standards used by the international community. Water and sanitation are considered to be “critical determinants for survival” in the minimum standards of disaster response, and so meeting these needs is particularly important. TIDES highly recommends that those involved in humanitarian and relief operations become familiar with the Sphere Standards available at the above link.
Technical Considerations and planning factors common to water solutions are:
There are several variables that need to be considered before choosing an appropriate water technology. The most basic considerations that are relevant in all different environments are below:
- Fog Water Collection
- Surface Water
- Rainwater Harvesting
Lifting and Distribution
- Hand Pumps
- Powered Pumps
- Gravity Distribution
Storage and Recharge
- Storage of Harvested Rainwater
- Tank or Bladder
- Groundwater—Sand Dam
- Filter (micro, ultra, nano)
- Chemical Treatment
- Solar/UV Disinfectant
- Reverse Osmosis
- Large Scale Commercial system
Use of Water
- Pond Farming
- Upfront (Largest Model)
- Cost/liter over life of active ingredient (Largest)
- Upfront (Smallest Model)
- Cost/liter over life of active ingredient (Smallest)
EQUIPMENT PROVIDERS (BY CATEGORY)
Each link will lead you to a new page that lists shelter solutions under these broad categories. (Note: TIDES does not endorse any specific products or stores, nor are we responsible for the content on the links.)
- Individual or Household Use Filtration Projects
- Large Group Use Filtration Projects
- Chemical Applications/Projects
- Testing and Instrumentation
- Storage/Pump Products
Individual or household use filtration projects/product
- Mirage Water Maker
- CHB Infrastructure, Technology and Marketing Group, LLC.
- Lifesaver USA
- Scan Water
- ElementFour - Watermill
- B. David Company
- TATA Swach
- Pure Hydration
- Seldon Technologies
- Vestergaard Frandsen
- MobilePower International
- Life Giving Force Family Water Products
Large group use filtration projects/products
- JOSAB International AB
- Global Water Group, Inc.
- Mobile Power International
- World Water Solutions
- Air-Water Corporation
- World Water and Solar Technologies
- Trunz Water Systems
- LMS World Water Treatment
- Cardinal Resources
- PlayPumps International
- Spectra Water Makers
- Reltex APAICS Water Programme (Bacsan)
- Water Development Program
- Potable Aqua
- Solar Solutions
- North Star Devices, Inc.
- Developed by Dale Andreatta
- Safe Water Systems
Foundations/ Research Groups
- Cardinal Resources
- Play Pump - for Kids
- Global Water Challenge
- Global Water Fund
- Solar Powered Water Systems, assistance
Testing and Instrumentation
- Global Water Instrumentation
- Global Water Group
- Innovative Water Technologies
- Scan Water
- http://www.scan-water.com/products.php?vareid=76 and http://www.scan-water.com/products.php?vareid=95
- Q Drum
- Safe Water Systems
- Charity Water
The reusable SolarBag 3L is a purification, transport, and storage system for use with unclean water.
Mobile MaxPure is a field proven, solar-powered, stand-alone system designed to pump, filter, and purify water and can be installed on a permanent, temporary, or semi-permanent basis.
600ml volume plastic bottle utilising 0.01 micron ultra membrane filtration to remove 99.99%of Bacteria and Viruses from the water. The filter also has activated carbon resin to remove taste odours and heavy metals. Membrane filter has the capacity to filter up to 1500lt of water, and the carbon filter has the capacity to filter up to 500lts of water.
"A small straw utilising 0.01 micron ultra membrane filtration to remove 99.99% of Bacteria and Viruses from the water. The filter also has activated carbon resin to remove taste, odours and heavy metals. Membrane filter has the capacity to filter up to 1500lt of water, and the carbon filter has the capacity to filter up to 500lts of water. The straw also has the provision to screw onto a standard water bottle."
"A 20Lt capacity Jerrycan utilising 0.01 micron ultra membrane filtration to remove 99.99% of Bacteria and Viruses from the water. The Membrane filter has the capacity to filter up to 100,000lt of water.
Simply fill the Jerrycan with water and utilising the internal Hand pump, pump the water out through the jerrycan tap."
SureAquaBottle is a high tech, tested and approved water purification system that removes 99.9999% of waterborne bacteria, 99.99% of viruses including Pseudomonas, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus and Fecal Coliforms, plus parasitic contamination by Cryptosporidium, and Giardia. It provides you and your family with the confidence of knowing you can have safe drinking water anywhere around the world from tap water, ice in drinks, lakes, and streams, on aircraft, shipboard, trains, hotels, parks and more.
"IHS directs the Roddenberry Foundation's Global Disaster Response Team (that's the philanthropic arm of the Star Trek franchise, created by Gene Roddenberry). We have developed, with Puralytics Corporation of Portland, Oregon, plus our collaboration partners the US Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, and the NetHope Consortium of NGOs, a small, low-power water reclamation unit for remote and austere environments.
"Portable, water purification kit
/3.8 liters per minute of safe drinking water from fresh water sources: wells, lakes, ponds, rivers or floodwaters.
Powered by any 12-volt DC current that can be supplied from Aspen Power Kit or vehicle power source
Production @ 2 Gallons (7.5 liters) per minute of safe drinking water from fresh water sources: wells, lakes, ponds, rivers or flood waters.
Disinfection > 99.99% Kill Rate
Watertight storage/transport case: 21.20"" x 16.00"" x 10.60"" (L x W x H)
Weight: 26.5 lbs / 12 kg
Easy Filter Change
3-Liter water bladder with integrated forward osmosis filtration. 2-chamber design, so can be used with potable or non-potable water. Filtration purity is very high (reverse osmosis level) and clog-resistant so can be used with the widest range of water sources.