TIDES Typhoon Haiyan Updates

November 12, 2013

Update as of 10 Mar 2014-
OpenStreetMap Damage Assessment Review: Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) Interim Report
This report measures the accuracy of building damage assessments conducted by the OpenStreetMap community in select areas affected by Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda). In Haiti, the Philippines and countless smaller disasters over the past three years, OpenStreetMap and the Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team have proven their ability to rapidly create high-quality geographic base data such as streets, houses, farms and other observable phenomena. The intent of this assessment was to assess the ability of crowdsourced platforms to go beyond this base data and quickly, remotely create information about building-level damages in areas affected by natural disasters. Its secondary goal was to explore the possibility of linking standard post-disaster shelter surveys with data created by OSM contributors. The overall goal was to define the appropriate shape, form and extent of crowdsourced inputs to existing disaster assessment tools.

In support of Typhoon Haiyan relief, TIDES is facilitating support in 4 broad areas: Equipment, Communications, Coordination, and Documentation/JPME. The STAR-TIDES website (www.star-tides.net) is continuously updating key papers, news, current imagery and reports on the typhoon and disaster response, under "TIDES Typhoon Haiyan Updates." We are working with USPACOM, USAID and others to facilitate delivery of capabilities to appropriate US and local authorities. In the equipment area examples include: facilitating coordination of USSOUTHCOM's offer to provide five water filtration systems to the Philippines, arranging shipment of three smaller DoD-developed kits with integrated water purification, hybrid power and communications, and linking commercial offers of renewable/hybrid power with potential users. In communications, TIDES is supporting the deployment of "hastily formed network" capabilities, telecoms assessment teams, and commercial offers to provide "drop-in," power-grid independent cellphone network systems for hard-hit areas as selected by those forward. Coordination is ongoing with OSD, the open-source Geospatial Information System (GIS) volunteer community, Japanese relief networks, and others. As the situation unfolds, we plan to compare lessons from Haiyan relief with those from the 2004 tsunami, Katrina, Haiti, Fukushima, Sandy and other disasters and fold them into NDU publications and JPME.

Update as of 22 November 2013

As per Doug Hanchard, Rapid Response Consulting
Google Plus Community Crisis & Disaster Education and Training http://goo.gl/WXMUsq

Take a look at this brilliant and simple use of Map and Information merged together in the Philippines. We have posted it on our Google Plus community as well. http://statusph.net/

As per John Holloway,
HCA/HADR Communications & Information Sharing Analyst DOD-CIO POC Military Auxiliary Radio System (MARS) DOD-CIO POC Knowledge Management Unclassified Information Sharing - Compliance/Enforcement DoD CIO - Strategy and Policy Directorate LNO PACOM, SOUTHCOM, CYBERCOM, UN OCHA & Sea Service Issues

The AFP (Armed Forces of the Philippines) along with JTF-505 will be standing up a MultiNational Coordination Center (MNCC). Mr. Brian Steckler, NPS - Dir Hastily Formed Networks) will be assisting the AFP Coordinator and the 505 MNCC Coordinator with the Comms laydown to include those comm systems in-play by the NGO Community. Mr. Scott Griffin, PACOM J651 - MultiNational Communications Interoperability Program (MCIP) Pacific Endeavor Tech Director, will be working with the various .mil entities.

APAN will be the main platform for information sharing among all players and we will be moving information between APAN and other sites as needed.

The MNCC concept was used during the Pacific Endeavor-13 exercise this past August and the PACRIM Senior Communicators were very impressed with the concept. This shows that events accomplished in the "Endeavor" exercise can transform to a real-world event.

Foreign Civ-Mil Snapshot as of 20 Nov developed by the Lead Civ-Mil Coordinator for the UN OCHA. Since this snapshot was created the PLAN has announced the deployment of the Hospital Ship "Peace Ark" and the Tass News Agency is reporting the deployment of a Field Hospital and Rescue team

As per CrisisMappers | The Humanitarian Technology Network
Google Spreadsheet on Estimates from Haiyan

The spreadsheet there is Haiyan Severity Rankings (with Storm Surge) Just to be clear with how the results of the estimates came to be, we initially built the data through crowd-sourcing information online (what bangonph.com did). But on another end of the spectrum while we were building the data, we also tried to infer on what would be the core characteristics that can capture the data so that relief operations quickly. Hence, we then proceeded to build a prediction system that can quickly identify the missing areas. The two main characteristics we used here are:

1.) Population density of an area adjusted to poverty incidence
2.) Proximity of center of the typhoon adjusted to storm surge in an area

Like a game of predicting stock values, our data is our master here. So far, based on what we've gathered through crowd-sourcing matched with our estimates; hence, we could identify areas not in our database. A friend working in an NGO gave me a copy of UN OCHA's map that was just updated last 21 November 2013 awhile of partially covered affected areas, and again, the patterns remain robust (I'm attaching it here for comparison).

Update as of 20 November 2013

COMMUNICATIONS: MEDWEB has been working with a collaboration of several companies to get Drop In Cellular coverage to remote areas in the Philippines. Japanese Resilience has stepped forward with shipping provided from San Francisco to Manilla through a company called NYK. Solar Stik is providing MEDWEB with a portable solar power solution for several of the drop in cellular networks. They also plan to provide a MEDWEB Deployable Telemedicine Kits and the server

Update as of 18 November 2013

-SOUTHCOM has offered to send 5 Aspen water filtration units from their stocks to WESTPAC. The kits were acquired as part of the PEAK (Pre-Positioned Expeditionary Assistance Kit) project for which Phil Stockdale of CTNSP was the technical manager. PEAK produced rapidly deployable water purification kits powered by renewable energy with a backup generator and an integrated communications package. It won OSD's award as the best JCTD (Joint Capability Technology Demonstration) of 2013. Next steps will include consultations with PACOM personnel to determine the availability of Overseas Humanitarian Disaster and Civic Aid (OHDACA) funds for deployment of these filtration units.
-OSD is funding the direct shipment of 3 MiDAS (Miniature Deployable Assistance System) systems from New Jersey to Manila, Philippines. MiDAS is a smaller, less expensive version of PEAK that was developed from public suggestions received through a challenge competition.
-TIDES is working with several members of the global STAR-TIDES Network to link them to USG assets and available resources on the ground, This includes a disaster response network in Japan and a ground-based reconnaissance group. Three of the most active participants, who are providing renewable energy systems, portable satellite antennas, and sanitation equipment were exhibitors at last month's TIDES Technology Field Demonstration. Some are being deployed through NGOs and some are under consideration for shipment through USG channels.

-We have linked members of telemedicine and rapidly deployable network organizations with PACOM personnel to provide cellphone network capability for the Philippine disaster areas. The system has a transmit power of 1 watt and can support up to 7 simultaneous calls over a distance of about 2 Km. It brings its own power and needs no additional infrastructure for local calls. The organizations stand ready to provide 2 personnel with the "Drop in Cell" network boxes. We are working to get a roaming agreement with one of the local Philippine providers.

-NetHope, a worldwide consortium of 41 leading humanitarian NGOs, needs rapidly deployable communications. CTNSP is working to link STAR-TIDES network members to help NetHope meet their IT and power needs. NetHope's latest SITREP is at ,
-Brian Steckler of the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) is on the ground in the Philippines and working closely with TIDES. Brian created the "Hastily Formed Networks" project and is the author of a concept called the Rapid Technology Assessment Team (RTAT). He is refining RTAT ideas through onsite testing and the use of the STAR-TIDES network to engage with telemedicine companies and others working to support local IT needs. The RTAT idea proposes to create a team to draw on international best practices to set up Information and Communications Technology (ICT) in disaster areas and connect the international humanitarian community with local governments. The RTAT Executive Summary is at .
-MarkLogic, a company that provides a way to handle large streams of unstructured data, has volunteered one year of free access to their server capabilities in support of the TIDES Typhoon Haiyan and follow-on disaster relief efforts. We will work with them, GC, NDU CIO, iCollege and ES industry studies and others to find the most appropriate way make use of this offer and link it to JPME.

-With the coordination of the Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team,TIDES has worked to link STAR-TIDES network members with OpenStreetMap to update geographic information already being used by the Red Cross, the United Nations and other responding organizations working in the Philippines. More information is at
-TIDES has linked STAR-TIDES members with Rapid Response Consulting, which is a Google Plus web community group that has tracked the typhoon's impact since 10 hours before landfall. Click here to Join . It has maps, sit-reps, status updates, important tweets, government links and current and future forecasts that are all current, as well as links to international data.
-TIDES associate John Crowley wrote an Op-Ed for TIME Magazine: "Stop Catastrophizing Relief Efforts in the Philippines" . It argues that media reports rarely refect the significant contributions made by local (as opposed to international) responders and warns that overly negative internationa reporting can actually slow down the delivery of supplies by exacerbating security concerns among donors.

-The STAR-TIDES Website (http://star-tides.net/) is updating key papers, news, current imagery and reports for the typhoon and disaster response. Look on the home page under "TIDES Typhoon Haiyan Updates"
-As the situation unfolds, we hope to incorporate lessons from Typhoon Haiyan into NDU research, publications, policy recommendations and JPME support. This will join work done on Haiti, Fukushima and Sandy, as well as other contingencies. We are looking for inputs from across the STAR-TIDES network, DoD entities or inter-agency partners. TIDES provided similar support to FEMA's innovation team after Sandy, and we are considering creating a team to document and publish lessons from Typhoon Haiyan/Yolanda. This team also might be able to support STAR-TIDES network members as reconstruction efforts continue in the Philippines and identify new technologies or other approaches for future contingencies.

UPDATE As of 13 November 2013

COMMUNICATIONS: TIDES will be updating the www.star.tides.net website with key documents applicable to the Typhoon. Look on the main page under "TIDES Typhoon Haiyan Updates
-Additionally, TIDES is working with members of RTAT (Rapid Technology Assesment Team) and the Request-to-the-Net" was in response a telecom with NetHope. We have also been monitoring the CrisisMappers threads for the latest updates in crowdsourced efforts.

-The MARFORPAC Experimentation Center (MEC) holds our PEAK kits in PACOM We are asking about deployment options and also is working with some of the makers of water purification equipment to see if they have additional commercial kits that could be deployed. As of 13 November, SOUTHCOM offered to send some Aspen water filtration units from PEAK.
-The MiDAS (Miniture Deployable Assistance System) project team and the MARFORPAC MEC are looking to ship MiDAS kits and consumables to Manila, Philippines. For More about MiDAS and PEAK visit: http://www.kmimediagroup.com/special-operations-technology/5096-powerful...
-We have been working with members of the Rapid Technology Assesment Team (RTAT) and members of MedWeb to provide cellphone network capability for disaster areas in the Philippines. We are working to get a roaming agreement with one of the local providers.

-We have been monitoring the All Hazards Defense Experts' Group, which is very active on Skype. Our partners in Japan have been working with influential groups on potential Japanese private sector support. Collecting insights from Camp Roberts' coordinator, John Crowley.
-Additionally, Rapid Response Consulting has set up a Google Plus web community group open for anyone can join. Click here to Join. They have tracked and followed Typhoon Haiyan's impact -10 hours before landfall. You will find links to maps, sit-reps, status updates, important tweets, government links and current and future forecasts that are all current. You'll find links to international data as well.

-We've begun thinking about how to integrate lessons from Haiyan with insights from the various Haiti papers, especially the work on linking the various ICT players with the Emergency Telecommunications Cluster. Imagery insights can be folded into updates of upcoming paper.
Other Useful Resources:
• Disaster Response in Asia and the Pacific: A Guide to International Tools & Services:
• Safer homes stronger communities a handbook for reconstruction after a disaster:http://issuu.com/world.bank.publications/docs/9780821380451
• World Handbook on Local Disaster Management: http://reliefweb.int/report/world/world-handbook-local-disaster-manageme...
• Disaster Response Staff Officer Handbook (USA) http://usacac.army.mil/cac2/call/docs/11-07/11-07.pdf (2010)
• DoD Support to Foreign Disaster Relief: http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/dod/disaster.pdf (2011)
• Humanitarian Data Tool Kit: http://humanitariandatatoolkit.org/
• Also see TIDES Infrastructure Directory and Bibliography

Thank you for your support. Please send information or inquiries about Haiyan relief and recovery to Lou Elin Dwyer at 202-685-7284 e: louelin.dwyer@ndu.edu or star.tides.net@gmail.com

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