Ebola News Digest - October 9

October 9, 2014

Country

Source

Total Cases

Total Deaths

Liberia

WHO Roadmap 10/8, MoH #142

3,924

2,210

Sierra Leone

MOH SitRep 10/8, WHO Roadmap 10/8

2,948

880

Guinea

WHO Roadmap 10/8, French Embassy 10/8

1,298

768

Nigeria

WHO Roadmap 10/8

20

8

Senegal

WHO Roadmap 10/8

1

0

Spain

WHO 10/9

1

0

USA

WHO Roadmap 10/3

1

1

Total:

 

8,139

3,867

DR Congo

WHO Roadmap 10/1

70

42

*The DR Congo is a separate outbreak from West Africa. The numbers are based on official information

reported by Ministries of Health. These numbers are subject to change due to on-going reclassification.

 

FEATURED NEWS                                               

Out of Africa

Nature--Ebola is out of control in Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea. Although this has been the case since late spring, the international pledges of help have yet to translate into concerted, rapid action on the ground. The virus still has the upper hand. Between 23 September and 1 October alone, the number of cases rose from 6,500 to almost 7,500, according to the World Health Organization.

 

Ebola suspected in Briton's death in Macedonia, hotel sealed off

(Reuters) - A British man showing symptoms of the Ebola virus died in Macedonia on Thursday and authorities said they had sealed off a hotel where he stayed, keeping another Briton and hotel staff inside.

   

Texas deputy not showing any signs of Ebola infection, hospital says

The Dallas hospital treating a sheriff's deputy who went into the apartment where an Ebola victim was living says the deputy is showing no signs that he's also infected.

       

Empty Clinic Beds Don't Necessarily Mean Fewer Ebola Patients

NPR--Buried in the bad news about Ebola, was a chart from the World Health Organization showing that the number of new Ebola cases in Liberia has been declining. There could be several reasons for that.

       

Airline clean-up crews walk off job in New York over Ebola concerns

(Reuters) - About 200 airline cabin cleaners walked off the job at New York's LaGuardia Airport on Thursday to protest what they say is a lack of sufficient protection from exposure to Ebola for workers whose jobs include cleaning up vomit and bathrooms.       

   

Understanding the bushmeat market: Why do people risk infection from bat meat?

science daily--Ebola, as with many emerging infections, is likely to have arisen due to human interaction with wild animals -- most likely the practice of hunting and eating wild meat known as 'bushmeat.' A team of researchers has surveyed almost 600 people across southern Ghana to find out what drives consumption of bat bushmeat -- and how people perceive the risks associated with the practice.

   


Ebola epidemic spreads in pictures

the guardian--The Ebola epidemic has killed more than 3,700 people in west Africa. Dozens of British military personnel are due to fly to Sierra Leone next week to help build medical facilities to combat the epidemic...

 

Liberia’s Brave Men Who Remove Ebola-Infected Bodies

voa news--The story is becoming all too common in Monrovia. A sick young woman refused to go to the hospital when health workers asked her, and the entire community, to do so. Now, the woman is dead and many of the community are infected with Ebola. Benno Muchler reports.

   

Ebola challenge 'biggest since Aids'

BBC--he Ebola outbreak in West Africa is unlike anything since the emergence of HIV/Aids, top US medical official Thomas Frieden has said. The world needed to work fast so it did not become" the next Aids", the director of the Centers for Disease Control and ;...

   

WHO: Ebola Response Roadmap Situation Report 8 October 2014

WHO--The total number of confirmed, probable, and suspected cases (see Annex 1) in the West African epidemic of Ebola virus disease (EVD) reported up to the end of 5 October 2014 (epidemiological week 40) is 8033 with 3865 deaths. Countries affected are Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and the United States of America. A confirmed case of EVD has been reported in Spain1 , but because the case was confirmed during the week ending 12 October (epidemiological week 41), information on this case will be included in the next Ebola Response Roadmap update.

   

   

UN Secty Gen Appoints reps for Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone

(APO)/ — United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today announced the appointments of Marcel Rudasingwa of Rwanda as Ebola Crisis Manager for Guinea, Peter Jan Graaff of the Netherlands as Ebola Crisis Manager for Liberia and Amadu Kamara of the United States as Ebola Crisis Manager for Sierra Leone. [...]   

   

Suspected Ebola case in Australia

CNN--A woman has been isolated at a hospital in Australia, after returning from helping Ebola patients. Sarah Abo reports

   

Ebola Patient Arrives in Germany From Liberia for Treatment

WSJ--A Sudanese employee of the United Nations infected with Ebola has been flown to Germany from Liberia for treatment, the state of Saxony's health ministry said Thursday. U.S. officials will begin Ebola symptom screenings at five major airports for ;..

 

U.S. Steps Up Training of Health Workers in Ebola Fight

WSJ--Covered head to toe in a protective yellow suit, apron, gloves, hood, goggles and boots, Kwan Kew Lai took a blood sample from a patient and made the rounds of the ward. Then she stepped through a fence made of orange netting into a decontamination area, where she carefully shimmied out of her protective gear.   

                   

Halting Flights to Ebola Regions Could Threaten Relief Efforts, Experts Warn

Time--Officials and aid agencies say the fight against Ebola is being hampered by the shortage of transportation to the epicenter of the disease in West Africa. You can book to travel on British Airways (BA) from London Heathrow to Roberts International airport in Monrovia, but the direct flight will take nine hours—and at least 25 weeks—to arrive in the Liberian capital.

 

Conferences/Meetings

West African Countries Hold Meeting On Ebola Crisis During World Bank-IMF

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Director Thomas Frieden joins finance ministers and representatives from around the world for a meeting on the Ebola crisis during the International Monetary Fund-World ;...

   

Ebola summit: Leaders of Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone discuss crisis with UNdailyjournal.net The leaders of three Ebola-stricken West African nations are meeting with heads of the United Nations, the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank to discuss the outbreak and what help they need to fight it. Alpha Conde of Guinea, ;...

   

African leaders, UN, IMF, World Bank discuss Ebola

AP--The leaders of three Ebola-stricken West African nations are meeting with heads of the United Nations, the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank to discuss the outbreak and what help they need to fight it....

   

VIDEOS:

Health of Nursing Assistant in Spain Infected With Ebola Deteriorates

Officials euthanize nursing assistant's dog as precautionary measure.

 

Understanding Ebola

INTERNATIONAL RESPONSE   

Sierra Leone president criticises global response to Ebola

Modern Ghana--Sierra Leone President Ernest Bai Koroma assailed the global community's slow response to the Ebola epidemic Thursday as slower than the transmission of the disease through West Africa. "This slower-than-the-virus response needs to change," he told the heads of the United Nations, World Bank and International Monetary Fund in Washington.

   

Lawmakers approve $700 million for military to fight Ebola

stripes--The Republican chairmen of House panels that oversee the Pentagon signed off Thursday on an additional $700 million to pay for the military mission to help fight Africa's deadly Ebola outbreak.

   

African leaders ask for more Ebola help

FT--World Bank calls on countries to do more

   

Ban urges international community to escalate Ebola response amid worsening outbreak

UN--The international community must “step up” its response to the Ebola outbreak in West Africa before it gets much worse, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon stressed today , adding that a range of measures from extra financing to increased medical assistance ? were essential in helping the countries afflicted by the disease.

   

   

       

   

US Speeds Up Aid to West Africa in Ebola Crisis

voa--As the Ebola crisis mushrooms in West Africa, the Obama administration is expanding its efforts to help defeat the deadly virus.  American military troops are deploying in Liberia, the country hardest hit by the outbreak. Their mission includes building at least 17 treatment centers with thousands more beds ? aimed to provide hope, or at least comfort, for infected people sometimes left to die untended on the street. Most U.S. activities in the region are less obvious, yet they're as vital and far-reaching as the emergency food and medical supplies delivered to treatment centers or the radio programing advising remote villagers how to guard against a stealthy killer. The U.S. Agency for International Development, spending more than $20 million on Ebola relief since March, is funding a host of on-the-ground medical efforts. It has sent more than 500 tons of supplies and 130,000 sets of protective clothing to West Africa, with another 140,000 sets ready to ship.

   

US military aircraft arrive in Liberia

(AP) Presidents of West African countries ravaged by Ebola pleaded for aid at the World Bank on Thursday as the U.S. military ramped up its efforts in Liberia, the hardest-hit country.

   

UN chief: 20 times more Ebola aid needed

(AP) The presidents of three Ebola-stricken West African nations sought an immediate outpouring of money, doctors and hospital beds, and representatives nations gathered at a World Bank meeting Thursday promised to send more aid quickly, including a pledge of medical evacuations for health care responders who catch the virus.

   

   

Seabees from Task Force 68 to support Ebola Outbreak Response

Working with our interagency partners, the U.S. military brings a unique logistics capability to help prevent the spread of the Ebola virus, said Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa Chief of Staff Navy Capt. Shawn Duane. Our Seabees are vital members of the CJTF-HOA team. Every day, they build something that makes a difference in East Africa. As they head west, they will help build infrastructure that will save lives.

   

UNDP Boosts Ebola Response of Security and Health Sectors

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has turned over an Ambulance vehicle and a consignment of assorted materials to the Ministry of Health Ebola Task Force and the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization (BIN) respectively.

   

Kentucky ANG establishes cargo hub in Senegal for Ebola response

Aerial porters from the Kentucky Air National Guard's 123rd Contingency Response Group off-load the unit's gear from a Mississippi Air National Guard C-17 Globemaster III Oct. 4, 2014, at Lopold Sdar Senghor International Airport in Dakar, Senegal, ;...

   

Doctors Without Borders Works To Contain Spread Of Ebola

NPR--One humanitarian group warned about the potential danger of Ebola back in June. The French organization Doctors Without Borders is known for bringing attention to the world's worst disasters.

       

Ebola - FG Donates N560 Million to Liberia, Guinea, Sierra Leone

All Africa--The Federal Government has donated $3.5 million (an equivalent of N560m) to Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea to combat the Ebola Virus Disease. Health Minister Onyebuchi Chukwu disclosed this to State House correspondents today after the Federal ;...

   

COUNTERMEASURES

Ebola Vaccine Trial Aims to Wrap First Phase by December

NBC News (video)--A fast-tracked study conducted in Britain to assess the safety of an experimental Ebola vaccine is expected to complete its first phase of testing by early December, the project leader said Wednesday. The pace of the trial, which began on Sept. 17, has been dictated by the alarming spread of the deadly virus, said Professor Adrian Hill, a researcher and director of the Jenner Institute at the University of Oxford. He and his team are conducting tests on healthy volunteers of the Ebola vaccine developed by drug firm GlaxoSmithKline with the National Institutes of Health.

 

US Doctors Learn From Treating Ebola Patients

voa--The predictions are grim: the number of people in West Africa infected with Ebola will increase drastically before the outbreak ends. But doctors are learning more about treating patients with this disease - lessons that could improve survival rates. VOA's Carol Pearson visited Emory University Hospital in Atlanta, where doctors discovered some key factors in helping Ebola patients beat the odds.

 

EDUCATION/PREVENTION

How to talk to the public about Ebola: Five tips from risk communication experts

SCIENCE MAG--Authorities missed a teaching opportunity after the first case diagnosed in the United States, say Peter Sandman and Jody Lanard

 

PREPAREDNESS

Health Secretary Says U.S. Is Prepared for More Ebola Cases

WSJ--The U.S. may see more cases of Ebola, but the country?s health-care system is prepared, Health and Human Services Secretary Sylvia Mathews Burwell said Thursday.

   

What preparation is U.S. making?

CNN--A day after the first Ebola death on American soil, the focus intensifies on those infected in Europe and a possible new case in the United States.

   

VIDEO: Can this suit stop Ebola spreading?

BBC--Danny Savage goes to a supplies distribution centre in Hull to find out exactly how robust protective suits are in the fight against Ebola.

   

Ebola screenings to take place at airports in 6 Canadian cities

CBC--Anyone who is ill or reports having had contact with a sick person is referred to a quarantine officer. Quarantine ... The incubation period for Ebola can be as long as 21 days after exposure to the virus, during which time the person would appear and feel well.

   

REGIONAL SURVEILLANCE

Guinea Bissau

Guinea-Bissau: Guinea Bissau: Ebola preparedness Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) DREF Operation n° MDRGW002

Situation analysis Description of the disaster A fast-spreading outbreak of the Ebola virus disease (EVD) is affecting several countries in West Africa. In February 2014, there was an outbreak of the virus in Guinea, which has since spread to Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal and Sierra Leone and causing untold hardship; and hundreds of deaths in these countries. In the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), an outbreak of the EVD has also been reported. As of 8 October 2014, a total of 6,737 cases, and 3,061 deaths had been recorded, which were attributed to the EVD. In Guinea, 1,103 cases and 668 deaths have been registered, with the regions of Macenta, Gueckedou, N?Zerekore and Kissidougou most affected. In Senegal, one confirmed case has been reported, along with 73 confirmed contacts. It is the first time an outbreak of this size is being experienced in West Africa; and the number of cases is expected to increase ...

 

Guinea

West Africa: Coordination Vital to Ending Ebola, Guinean President Tells UN Delegation

All Africa--Meeting with representatives from the United Nations, including the Head of the new Mission to fight Ebola, Guinean President Alpha Condé welcomed the mission and called for exceptional coordination in the response. Guinea is one of the three West African countries hardest hit by the recent epidemic.

   

Guinea: Donka Ebola treatment centre in Conakry stretched to the limit - Medecins Sans Frontires (MSF) International

MSF--Tike, 9 years old, together with his elder sister Miatta and younger brother Jina sent by ambulance to MSF Ebola treatment centre in Kailahun, Sierra Loene. Both their parents already died of Ebola. Conakry the first major city to be affected by the West Africa ;...   

   

Guinea: Guinea: 3W Ebola Epidemic (as of 08 Oct 2014)

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Guinea   

   

Guinea: Guinea Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Outbreak (08 October 2014)

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Guinea

   

How Ebola turned a Guinean family tragedy into a west African crisis

When a toddler in Meliandou came into contact with a fruit bat, a trail of devastation began that is far from reaching a conclusionIn December last year, near the village of Meliandou in southern Guinea, two-year-old Emile was bitten by one of the fruit bats that fly through west Africas skies, often gathering at dusk to roost in trees.In that moment, Emile was destined for a place in history as Patient Zero, the unfortunate first victim of an Ebola outbreak that has already killed more than 3,400 people and wreaked havoc across some of the most fragile countries in west Africa. The crisis has been described as unparalleled in modern times. Continue reading...

   

Liberia

This Is How Ebola Patients Are Equipping Their Homes

Time--"It’s dangerous, but there are not many other options” When his wife grew sick with Ebola, Alex T. Kamanda didn’t have the option of sending her to one of Monrovia’s Ebola Treatment Centers. They were all full. But he knew how contagious the disease could be, and how risky it was to come in contact with her bodily fluids. So he did the best he could to protect himself while caring for her, wrapping his hands in plastic garbage bags until members of his church were able to bring him supplies.

 

Liberia's New Plan to Get Ebola Sufferers Into Isolation - TIME

time--Residents take home family and home disinfection kits distributed by Doctors Without Borders, on Oct. 4, 2014 in New Kru Town, Liberia. The new Ebola Community Care Centers pioneered by Save the Children strike a ;...   

   

Liberia: UN Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER) External Situation Report, 0600 Hours NYT ? 9 October 2014 / No. 15

HIGHLIGHTS A total of 8,033 cases and 3,879 deaths have been reported in the current outbreak of EVD in the affected countries, according to WHO - first case of EVD confirmed in the Guinean district of Lola which borders Côte d'Ivoire Marcel Rudasingwa appointed as Ebola Crisis Manager for Guinea, Peter Jan Graaff as Ebola Crisis Manager for Liberia, and Amadu Kamara as Ebola Crisis Manager for Sierra Leone UNMIL international staff member tests positive for EVD

   

Liberia: Training of the field staff to be deployed to Liberia

For humanitarian aid operations of the type the MSB is now planning in Liberia, it is important that field staff get the training they need. The field staff on the team to be deployed by the MSB (medical professionals, logistics officers, team leader and administrative officers) will be trained by the Centre for Research on Health Care in Disaster at the Karolinska Institute early next week. They will gain necessary knowledge about the Ebola outbreak, the situation in the region, the international response, and contagion, and how to protect themselves against the disease. The training is suitable for UN field staff, government agency field staff and NGO volunteers. The technical field staff from the MSB who are going to build the rest & recovery rooms, locker rooms, offices and medical care modules in Monrovia, will be trained over the weekend in how the modules should be set up.    

   

US military sends aircraft, Marines to Ebola-torn Liberia; another doctor dies

(AP) The U.S. military was ramping up its aid efforts in Ebola-wracked Liberia on Thursday, even as yet another doctor working in the country died after becoming infected. Article continues below ;...

   

Liberia: Two Journalists Lost to Ebola

(PUL), Liberia's media umbrella structure, has revealed the passing of two more journalists from the insidious Ebola virus disease.   

   

Liberia: Ebola Response Fact Sheet, as of 7 October 2014

World Food Programme, Logistics Cluster Country: Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leon   

 

Liberia: Liberia: Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Outbreak (as of 8 October 2014)

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Liberia

   

Liberia: WFP's Response To Ebola Emergency

WFP is scaling up its response to the Ebola virus to provide assistance to around 1 million people affected by the outbreak in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, delivering food alongside the health response. WFP is also assisting the wider humanitarian community with logistics, helping other organisations to get aid workers and critical supplies into the affected areas. Donate here The Spread Of Ebola The current Ebola epidemic in West Africa began with an outbreak in Guinea in December 2013. It has since spread to Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Nigeria. It is the most severe outbreak since the discovery of the virus in 1976. Food Assistance Here's what WFP is doing in the three most affected countries: Guinea: WFP began food distributions because of Ebola four months ago and has reached around 40,000 people (in Biffa, Fria, Télémélé, N?Zerekore, Macenta and Guekedo districts).

   

Liberia: West Africa: Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Outbreak (as of 4 October 2014)

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone   

   

Liberia: Liberia: Ebola Epidemic - 3W (as of 08 Oct 2014)

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Liberia   

   

Liberia: Liberia: Ebola Outbreak - Location and status of Ebola Response Units (as of 8 Oct 2014)

MapAction Country: Liberia

   

Liberia warns Ebola aid 'too slow'

Liberia’s president says aid to fight the Ebola epidemic is arriving too slowly as calls grow for greater international efforts to fight it. Paul Chapman reports ·    

   

Ebola: the disease in a day live coverage

The Guardian devotes a day of live coverage to the largest Ebola outbreak in known history, exploring its impact, hearing from people on the ground, and considering the measures that can be taken to halt its spread 9.01am BST Peter Piot, who was part of the research team which discovered the Ebola virus in 1976, warned this morning that further cases of Ebola in Europe are unavoidable.He told BBC Breakfast:We will see other cases in Europe, this is unavoidable. People travel, people come back, people get infected in west Africa - volunteers. So we need to be prepared for more cases like this. Im not concerned about an outbreak in western Europe, in the UK, like we are seeing in west Africa. The highest risk is for the staff - nurses, doctors and so on, lab workers in the hospitals where someone would be admitted with Ebola infection. 8.42am BST Throughout today, this live blog will bring together reporting and analysis from Guardian correspondents covering the Ebola crisis.

   

Nigeria

As Ebola Death Toll Climbs Experts Study Nigerian Response

While the Ebola virus continues to take a heavy toll in Liberia and Sierra Leone, Nigeria is receiving praise for its swift control of the disease. There have been no new cases of the virus in the country since August 31st. As Jeff Swicord reports from Lagos, preparation and swift response by a well-organized public health system were critical to Nigeria?s success.

 

Spain

Ebola virus disease-Spain

WHO--On 6 October 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) was informed of the first confirmed autochthonous case of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Spain. This case represents the first human-to-human transmission of EVD outside Africa. The case is a female healthcare worker with no travel history to West Africa but who participated in the medical care of an EVD case in a Spanish citizen, who had been infected in Sierra Leone and evacuated to Madrid, Spain on 22 September 2014 and who died on 25 September 2014. She was in contact with the repatriated EVD case twice; on 24 and 25 September 2014. On both occasions she is reported to have worn appropriate personal protection equipment (PPE).   

   

Spanish Nurse With Ebola Worsens

(Reuters) - The health of a Spanish nurse with Ebola worsened on Thursday and four other people were put into isolation in Madrid, while the country's government rejected claims its methods for dealing with the disease weren't working and blamed human error. Romero, 44, is the first person to have contracted Ebola outside of Africa, after becoming infected by a Spanish priest repatriated from Africa with the disease. In total seven people are in isolation, though only Romero has tested positive for Ebola. The others include the nurse's husband and two doctors who cared for her. Three other people were released from the isolation unit late on Wednesday after testing negative. A health official at the Carlos III Hospital where Romero is being treated said on Thursday:    

   

2 docs isolated over Ebola fears in Spain

cbs--As Spanish nurse takes turn for worse, doctor who treated her admits himself with concerns about protective suit he was provided

 

Spain Quarantines 3 More Over Ebola

NY times--Efforts to contain the disease are coinciding with an inquiry into what went wrong and mounting criticism from medical staff members.

   

Spain: 6 in Madrid hospital for Ebola observation

(AP) Two doctors who treated a Spanish nursing assistant diagnosed with Ebola have been admitted to a Madrid hospital for precautionary observation, bringing to six the number being monitored at the center, health officials said Thursday.

   

Sierra Leone

Describing readmissions to an Ebola case management centre (CMC), Sierra Leone, 2014

Eurosurveillance--No summary provided   

   

Sierra Leone: Ebola Virus Disease - Situation Report (Sit-Rep) ? 05 October, 2014

Main highlights For the 4th October 2014, a total of 159 new samples were received and analysed by the CDC Kenema Lab, the South African NICD MLU Lab-Western Area and the Chi nese Lab-Jui: Kailahun (2), Kenema (3), Kambia (1), Bombali (60), Tonkolili (6),Port Loko (12), Pujehun (1),Bo (11), Moyamba (8) and Western Area (55). Eighty-one (81) of these samples are positive, 56 are negative while 22 susp ected cases have been recommended for a second test base on the symptoms onset. Twenty-five samples (11 positive & 14 negative) are not included in table 1 below because of missing d district variable Two suspected cases (1 positive from W/Area Urban & 1 negative from Bombali) that were recommended for a retest have been finally analysed Ninety-one (53 positives & 38 negatives) pending Lab results from the Chinese Lab-Jui for the 30/09/14 to 3/10/14 have included as cumulative figures The cumulative number of Laboratory confirmed cases ar...

   

UN boss appoints Ebola crisis manager for Sierra Leone

United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has appointed Amadou Kamara as UN Ebola Crisis Manager in Sierra Leone. Kamara, a Sierra Leonean, was named alongside two others who will head similar offices in Liberia and Guinea. Marcel Rudasingwa of Rwanda was appointed Ebola Crisis Manager for Guinea, while Peter Jan Graaff of the Netherlands was [...]   

   

What does the Ebola crisis mean for long-term progress in Sierra Leone and Liberia? podcast transcipt

Guardian--What weaknesses has the Ebola outbreak exposed in the infrastructure of west Africa? And how can the countries affected get through the epidemic and ensure they are less susceptible to future crises?

   

   

Sierra Leone: Ebola myths: Sierra Leonean DJ tackles rumours and lies over the airwaves

Amara Bangura says his weekly radio show is a crucial tool in helping to change attitudes towards the virus at community level The Ebola outbreak was sparked by a bewitched aircraft that crashed in a remote part of Sierra Leone, casting a spell over three west African countries, but a heavily alcoholic drink called bitter Kola can cure the virus. These are just two of the rumours dispelled on Amara Bangura?s weekly radio show, which is broadcast on 35 stations across the country. Read the full story on the Guardian.

   

Sierra Leone: UK military to provide further measures to tackle Ebola

MOD will provide hundreds of troops, an aviation support ship and 3 Merlin helicopters as the UK ramps up its efforts to tackle Ebola Defence Secretary Michael Fallon laid out the measures at an emergency COBR committee meeting today, chaired by the Prime Minister, to discuss the UK?s response to the Ebola crisis which is being led by the Department for International Development. Mr Fallon said: The Ebola outbreak in west Africa is already a global threat to public health and it?s vital that the UK remains at the forefront of responding to the epidemic. Following today?s meeting we are stepping up significantly the UK?s contribution and leadership in work to tackle the outbreak on land, in the air and at sea. At the heart of the package is the commitment to provide more than 750 personnel to help with the establishment of Ebola treatment centres and an Ebola training academy.    

   

World: Sierra Leone Ebola lockdown too short: Swiss research

AFP--Three-day quarantines are not enough to net all Ebola cases in a given area, Swiss scientists said this week after using genetic sequencing to map the early spread of the virus in Sierra Leone. One of the three west African countries hardest hit by the raging epidemic that has killed nearly 3,900 people, Sierra Leone launched a nationwide three-day shutdown last month in a bid to find unreported cases. But a team of scientists at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich (ETHZ) has determined through sequencing of early cases in the country that the average incubation period of the virus is around five days. This means Sierra Leone, which turned up hundreds of new cases thanks to the shutdown, could have discovered many more if it had extended the quarantine for a few more days. "       

   

Sierra Leone: Sierra Leone: 3W Ebola Epidemic (as of 08 Oct 2014)

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Sierra Leone   

   

Sierra Leone: Sierra Leone: Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Outbreak (as of 8 October 2014)

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs Country: Sierra Leone

 

Ebola in Sierra Leone: lockdown and food queues in pictures

guardian--Njala Giema is a village in eastern Sierra Leone, set deep in the forest off the highway from Kenema to Kailahun. The hamlet had a population of about 200 people; at least 61 have died since Ebola struck in May. Locals say the disease was brought by relatives of a nurse infected in the nearest town, Daru. The village has been in lockdown as Sierra Leone quarantined a million people in an attempt to slow Ebolas spread. Meanwhile, in Kenema, to the west of the village, people have been queueing in heavy rain to collect food parcels...

   

Sierra Leone: “All is not lost”: President Koroma buoys health workers

At a ceremony organized by the Ministry of Health and Sanitation on Monday 6th October, President Dr Ernest Bai Koroma officially presided over the discharge of forty-nine (49) Ebola survivors treated and cured by an all Sierra Leonean medical staff at the Hastings Treatment Centre. He paid glowing tribute to the Ministry of Health and Sanitation for their tireless efforts in the fight against the dreadful Ebola virus, and also commended the Sierra Leone Police (SLP) and the Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces (RSLAF) for their contribution in ensuring the center was up and running. President Koroma described the occasion as a great day and a turning point particularly so when 49 Sierra Leoneans, including children who had been infected with the Ebola virus are being discharged after being treated and cured of the virus.

 

USA   

CDC Telebriefing: CDC update on first Ebola case diagnosed in the United States, 10-08-2014 - Transcript

CDC--CDC hosted a press briefing to update on first Ebola case diagnosed in the United States and New Ebola Screening Guidelines in U.S. Airports.

   

SCIENCE AND TECH

Ebola vs. Hemorrhagic Fever: What's the Difference?

livescience--In the case of people with Ebola, hemorrhaging occurs when the virus infects the liver, affecting the body's ability to make blood-clotting proteins and causing blood vessels to leak. But other viruses may cause hemorrhaging by depleting the body's supply of ;...

   

The mathematics behind the Ebola epidemic

Science Daily--Researchers have calculated new benchmark figures to precisely describe the Ebola epidemic in West Africa from a mathematical perspective. Their results may help health authorities to contain the epidemic.

   

The source of Ebola

CNN--CNNi talks to Bob MacLean of the Audubon Nature Institute about the source of Ebola.

   

CDC Develops Ebola Modeling Tool While WHO Trains Health Workers

HS Today--The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has developed a dynamic modeling tool called...

   

   

US Firm Providing Portable Mapping Devices for Ebola Fight

All Africa--An American geo-spatial technology company is providing Liberia with portable mapping devices to help contain the Ebola outbreak. The Ebola virus outbreak in Liberia, Guinea, Sierra Leone and Nigeria has killed hundreds of people and is yet to be ;...

   

Liberia: Calling all Innovators to Help Fight Ebola

Saving lives at birth. Powering clean energy solutions in agriculture. Inventing new tools to teach a child to read. Across development, we’re calling on the world’s brightest minds to tackle our toughest challenges. In the last few years, we have helped launch five Grand Challenges for Development that have rallied students and scientists, innovators and entrepreneurs to tackle some of humanity?s toughest problems. Today, we face just that kind of challenge?a global health crisis that is in dire need of new ideas and bold solutions. From Guinea to Liberia to Sierra Leone, Ebola is devastating thousands of families, disrupting growth, and fraying the fabric of society. The United States is helping lead the global response to the epidemic, but we cannot do it alone. That is why President Obama launched our sixth Grand Challenge. Fighting Ebola: A Grand Challenge for Development is designed provide...

   

Help Wanted: Unlikely Geniuses To Solve Public Health Problems

NPR--The Grand Challenge is a new tradition in the world of public health: asking anyone (and everyone) to come up with innovations. The latest assignment: design cooler protective gear for Ebola teams.

   

The CDC Is Using Twitter to Explain Ebola for the Second Time in Two Months

govexec--And people have just as many questions about the virus as they did during August's online chat.

   

Mobile Technology Key to Containing Ebola in West Africa

Contact tracing has become a well-known term as the world learns more about the Ebola crisis and how to contain it.  It was through this method that people who came into contact with Liberian Ebola patient Thomas Eric Duncan were notified that they were exposed to the Ebola virus through having come into contact with him.  Duncan died in a Dallas, Texas hospital on October 8.  Infectious disease expert Dr. Joel Selanikio says time is of the essence in getting communication out to people in a crisis situation such as the Ebola crisis.  His company, Magpi, uses a mobile data collection and messaging software tool that expedites vital information to people in Africa and other regions of the world, in crisis situations.  ?What Magpi does is it recognizes that within global health, for example during this Ebola outbreak, there?s a lot of information that needs to be collected,? said Selanikio. ?I?m sure that your listeners and viewers have heard of contact tracing at this point, something ...

   

Ebola lab samples yield questions as well as answers

cbs--There's limited research on exactly where the virus lurks in the body and how long it can persist

   

Questions and answers on dogs and Ebola risks

AP--Monkeys, bats and a menagerie of animals can spread Ebola. Now there's worry that dogs ? or one dog in particular ? might spread it, too. Officials in Madrid got a court order to euthanize the pet of a Spanish nursing assistant who has the deadly virus.

   

 

PUBLISHED EBOLA RESEARCH

First Case of Ebola Diagnosed in the United States

A Katz - Emergency Medicine News, 2014

The patient did not have symptoms when leaving West Africa, but developed them

approximately five days after arriving in the United States, according to the CDC press

release.(http://1. usa. gov/1rGEqOp.) Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital of Dallas ...

 

The threat of Ebola: An update

B Mishra - Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology, 2014

The world experienced the largest and most widespread Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa,

2014. The current outbreak which began in Guinea in December, 2013, and came to notice

in March, 2014, has already affected five African countries. Till now, the threat of the virus …

 

Transmission dynamics and control of Ebola virus disease outbreak in Nigeria, July to September 2014

eurosurveillance.org No summary provided.

   

Preparedness is crucial for safe care of Ebola patients and to prevent onward transmission in Europe - outbreak control measures are needed at its roots in West Africa

eurosurveillance.org No summary provided.

   

Assessment of Ebola Virus Disease, Health Care Infrastructure, and Preparedness ? Four Counties, Southeastern Liberia, August 2014

cdc.gov No summary provided.

   

Swiss study calls for five-day Ebola quarantine

Three-day quarantines are not enough to net all Ebola cases in a given area, scientists at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich (ETHZ) said this week after using genetic sequencing to map the early spread of the virus in Sierra Leone.

   

From Alchemy to Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid Base Disorders

nejm.org--world, far less information is available. Indeed, death due to fluid and electrolyte imbalance ? as occurs in patients with cholera and probably Ebola virus infection ? is still all too common in many areas. This series in the Journal cannot, by the nature of the subject, be even close to complete?

   

ECONOMIC, SECURITY , INFRASTRUCTURE IMPACT

Lay missioner in Liberia says Ebola devastating villages, economy

When Joe Sehnert moved to Liberia in 2011, he knew the risks of going to a Third World country. Ebola wasn't among them; the deadly virus historically has been limited to countries in East and Central Africa. But as part of a recent outbreak, the disease has ;...

   

INTERVIEW-Ebola-hit Liberia facing recession, may need more IMF aid -finance ... - Reuters Africa

Reuters--Konneh sees growth of just 1 percent. * Wants IMF to ease lending restrictions. * More borrowing would be last resort. By Alphonso Toweh. WASHINGTON, Oct 9 (Reuters) - Liberia, the West African nation hardest hit by the Ebola outbreak, is facing ;...

   

Ebola-hit Liberia cancels nationwide election - The Straits Times

(AFP) - Ebola-hit Liberia has suspended its nationwide Senate polls after the election commission admitted it would not be able to stage the ballot safely, according to a government statement. Almost three million voters had been due in polling ;...

   

Billions May Be Lost If Ebola Lasts Longer - World Bank Forecasts

With the latest death toll from Ebola now at 3,439 in the three worst-affected countries of Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone, a new economic impact assessment from the World Bank Group says that if the epidemic was to significantly infect people in ;...   

   

World: Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 3, October 2014

HIGHLIGHTS The forecast for global cereal production in 2014 has been raised closer to last year?s record, which is expected to boost inventories to a multi-year high. Export prices of wheat and maize decreased further in September to multiyear lows, driven by expectations of large global supplies in 2014/15. Even rice prices, which had been rising in previous months, fell in September. In Western Africa, the Ebola virus disease outbreak in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone has disrupted markets, farming activities and ...

   

West Africa: Ebola - UN Agency Launches Initiative to Tackle Growing Food Security Threat

The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) today is launching a programme that will assist 90,000 vulnerable households in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, whose food supply and livelihoods are threatened by the disruptive effect the Ebola epidemic is having on rural economies, agricultural activities and markets.

 

Liberia: West Africa: Projected food security impacts of Ebola in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone

Summary Future Ebola caseloads are extremely uncertain. Based on available information, FEWS NET is using a planning figure of 200,000 ? 250,000 cases by January 20, 2015. If this were to occur: Local markets would likely stop functioning; food shortages would also be likely Significant drop in HH incomes and purchasing power Agricultural HHs would rely on their own production although outcomes would quickly deteriorate once stocks deplete, likely in the first quarter of 2015 Emergency (IPC Phase 4) food insecurity by Mar. 2015 for HHs with family members who have been ill or have died from Ebola and poor, urban HHs Emergency food assistance needs would significantly exceed levels currently planned, funded, and likely

   

 

REPORTS FROM THE FIELD

Ebola expert from Algiers Point discusses recent trip to Liberia

nola blog--Algiers Point residents were able to learn about Ebola and front-line report of the aid efforts of the United States from neighbor Rene Van Slate at Hubbell Library. Print · Sarah Tiambeng, Algiers Point columnist. By Sarah Tiambeng, Algiers Point columnist.

   

A Firsthand Account of Life at the Epicenter of the Ebola Outbreak in Monrovia, Liberia

An AmeriCares relief worker gives a firsthand account of life inside the epicenter of the Ebola outbreak in Monrovia, Liberia. When traveling to areas devastated by earthquakes and violent storms, the physical damage is often apparent even before you step off the plane. But here in Liberia where the death toll has surpassed 2,000 and continues to climb, there are no flattened buildings or tent camps filled with survivors. Signs of the crisis are more understated. In front of every building, hand washing stations spill out a diluted chlorine solution. Police at checkpoints stop vehicles so they can check temperatures. And murals graphically depicting Ebola's symptoms scroll along sidewalks and roads. The virus has the whole country on edge and everyone is more guarded. It is a matter of survival. There is no shaking hands, no hugging, and no kissing. All the schools in the country are closed as it's believed that having all those children together would create too high a risk of infection. Parents are telli...

   

Ebola - a Little Boy's Story of Survival Against the Odds

Moses, just 10 years old, was found barely alive on the side of the road in Monrovia. He had been traveling with his family in Liberia's capital city when his parents succumbed to the deadly Ebola virus, leaving him orphaned and alone. Moses, who has lost ;...



Digest by:

Claudinne Roe

INTELINK

(U) claudinne.r.roe@ugov.gov

(410) 854-9536

CSC Contractor

 
 

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