In March 2012, CTNSP organized the conference on Horn of Africa Food Security. Dr. Rajiv Shah, USAID Administrator, spoke on the following issues: what are the current negative trends for water/power/food availability in the Horn of Africa? What steps need to be taken to address these concerns? How have environmental factors, especially deforestation, contributed to the famine in the Horn of Africa? What do the current crises (and past) in the Horn of Africa teach us about our current mechanisms for mitigating them?