Shelter

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INTRODUCTION

Whether in post-disaster, post-conflict or general conditions of impoverishment, shelter is one of the most basic human needs. That said, determining data requirements can be daunting. Each environment requires a combination of shelter options to provide housing that serves multiple functions, including protection from the weather and other natural elements, provisions for varying numbers of residents and other context-specific needs based on the length of time the shelter is needed, transportability, energy efficiency, etc.

Meeting such environment and usage-specific shelter needs in rapid response and emergency situations can be difficult tasks especially in complex operations involving diverse military and civilian providers of aid and security. To encourage an effective mix of shelter solutions in post-disaster, post-conflict and impoverished conditions, STAR-TIDES is compiling information about technologies and infrastructures that may be used in various circumstances, and providing introductions to other information sources.

KEY RESOURCES

  • Architecture for Humanity (http://www.architectureforhumanity.org/about) is a nonprofit design services firm founded in 1999. Architecture for Humanity provides a range of design and construction administration services to partners and clients through a global network of design, development and construction professionals with local expertise and knowledge.
  • Shelter Centre (http://www.sheltercentre.org) is an international nonprofit organization devoted to the provision of resources and information regarding sustainable emergency shelter needs around the world. It supports the humanitarian community in its efforts to provide aid in post-conflict and post-disaster situations. To view the full database of providers, a free login/password is required. The website also has a listing of timely news and events regarding humanitarian shelter provision.
  • The Sphere Project (http://www.sphereproject.org) is a good resource that offers common standards used by the international community when providing support to disaster victims, refugees, and other displaced populations. Shelter is considered to be a “basic requirement” for sustaining the lives and dignity of stressed populations. Sphere provides detailed standards for shelter development within the humanitarian relief and assistance arena. TIDES highly recommends that those involved in such operations become familiar with the Sphere Standards available at the above link.

OTHER RESOURCES

The following is a list of other resources that provide helpful information about shelters:

Hexayurt Project

A long-term shelter option requiring limited resources and buildable by hand in post-conflict or post-disaster situations. The Hexayurt is an open-source design and can be made with a variety of components.

http://hexayurt.com/

Builders Without Borders

International network of ecological builders who advocate the use of straw, earth and other local, affordable materials in construction.

http://www.builderswithoutborders.org/

Natural Building Network

Non-profit association promoting natural building principles, materials and practitioners worldwide.

http://www.naturalbuildingnetwork.org

Humanitarian Bamboo

Project which aims to educate aid workers about bamboo construction.

http://www.scribd.com/doc/21153630/Humanitarian-Bamboo-a-manual-on-the-humanitarian- use-of-bamboo-in-Indonesia

Emergency Items Catalogue, ICRC 2009

The catalogue aims to standardize the selection and procurement of relief items during emergency situations.

http://procurement.ifrc.org/catalogue/

Oxfam and IFRC’s Plastic Sheeting Field Guide

To educate aid workers about the use of plastic sheeting in emergencies.

http://www.plastic-sheeting.org/#GUIDELINES

UNHCR Handbook for Emergencies (see page 221)

Stresses the importance of pre-emergency planning as well as planning throughout a crisis.

http://www.unhcr.org/refworld/pdfid/46a9e29a2.pdf

United Nations Tent manual

Guide to the use and logistics of family tents during humanitarian assistance.

http://www.plastic-sheeting.org/ref/tents.pdf

PRIVATE INDUSTRY

Each link will lead you to a new page that lists shelter solutions under these broad categories. (Note: TIDES does not endorse any specific products or stores, nor are we responsible for the content on the links.)

Equipment Providers

  • Inflatable
  • Local materials (Sustainable/Renewable Buildings)
  • Rigid Structures
  • Tents
  • Tarps

Planning factors common to all shelter solutions are:

  • Climate conditions-Can it withstand hot, cold, wet, dry climates? To what limits of heat, cold, wind, rain, snow, etc. is it certified?
  • How long can it last under ultra violet (UV) exposure?
  • Can it be reassembled, mosquito netted, lined, etc?
  • Insulation- Is it UV treated? Is it resistant to wind, rain, insects?
  • Are materials reusable?
  • Operator training/difficulty of upkeep
  • Maintenance (man hours/day)
  • Is it cost effective?
  • Is it easy to assemble/Does it require specialized tools?
  • What is the shape and size?
  • Transportability: Can it be moved or dismantled easily?

INFLATABLE SHELTERS

List of Inflatable shelter providers:

Covertex

http://www.covertex.co.nz

J B Roche

http://www.jbroche.com

Mohab

http://www.mohab-air.com

Southern Inflatables

http://www.southerninflatables.net

LOCAL MATERIALS (REUSABLE/SUSTAINABLE SHELTERS)

List of local material providers:

California Institute of Earth Art and Architecture

http://calearth.org

Earthbag Building

http://www.earthbagbuilding.com

Hesco Bastion Ltd

http://www.hescobastion.com

Natural Building Network

http://nbnetwork.org/

OK OK OK Productions:

http://www.okokok.org

Strawbale

http://www.strawbale.com/

Tesinma

http://www.tesinma.com/shelter.html

RIGID STRUCTURES

List of rigid structure providers:

World Shelters

http://worldshelters.org/home

3S Scandinavian Shelter System

http://www.3sgroup.no

Aganto

http://www.aganto.co.uk

Corimec Italiana SPA

http://www.corimec.com

D&D FRB Inc

http://www.dnd-frb.com

Exup, Inc.

http://www.exupinc.com

Triangular Integrated Structures

http://www.DeployableGeoShelters.com

Koma Modular Construction

http://www.koma-modular-construction.czechtrade.us

ModSpace

http://www.modspace.com/services

Nuhcontainer

http://www.nuhcontainer.com

Octagon Europe Ltd

http://www.octagonEU.com

Profil Montage

http://www.profil-montage.se

Quick Quarters

http://www.quickquarters.com

Shelbox

http://www.shelbox.it

Sintex Industries

http://www.sintex-plastics.com

Spaciotempo

http://www.spaciotempo.co.uk

TPI Housing AB

http://www.tpihousing.se

Treyson

http://www.treysan.com.tr

Universal Building Solutions

http://www.ubsbuilding.com

Veldeman Group

http://www.veldemangroup.com

Kwikspace Modular Buildings Ltd.

http://www.kwikspace.co.za

Dynamic Shells

http://www.dynamicshells.com

Perfect Shelters

http://www.perfectshelters.com

PKL

http://www.pkl.co.uk

O.B. Wiik AS

http://www.obwiik.no

IADDIC

http://www.iaddicshelters.com

MilSys

http://www.milsys.co.uk

CAMSS Shelters- Portable Shelters
          https://camss.com/

 

TENTS

List of tent providers:

World Shelters

http://worldshelters.org/home

Alaska Structures

http://www.alaskastructures.com

J B Roche

http://www.jbroche.com

Ably Shelters

http://www.tacticalshelters.com

IADDIC

http://www.iaddicshelters.com

Pacific Domes

http://www.PacificDomes.com

Shelter Systems

http://www.shelter-systems.com

Tesinma

http://www.tesinma.com/shelter.html

Element Domes

http://www.elementdomes.com

MilSys

http://www.milsys.co.uk

Hesco Bastion Ltd

http://www.hescobastion.com

Rubb Building Systems

http://www.rubb.com

Al Farooq Enterprise

http://www.sabritextiles.com

Albion Canvas

http://www.albioncanvas.co.uk

Alpinter

http://www.alpinter.com

Amrit Sales Corporation

http://www.amritsales.com

Atara Corporation

http://www.ataracorporation.com

Celina Tent

http://www.gettent.com

Chancel Internationa

http://www.chancelinternational.com/

City Textiles (PVT)

http://www.citytextile.com

EuroPlus

http://www.armytents.co.uk

Fra Angelico ltd

http://www.fra-angelico.co.uk

Giulio Barbieri

http://www.giuliobarbieri.it

HSNDS

http://www.dinsons.com

Lamifab Industries

http://www.lamifab.com

Mahavira Tents

http://www.mahaviratents.com

National Tent House

http://www.nationaltenthouse.com

O.R.T. Scientific Industrial Firm

http://www.sifort.co.za

Paramount Tarpaulin Industries

http://www.paramountpak.com

Pavel Šmic- Condor

http://www.spacaky.cz

Reltex

http://www.reltex.net

Rofi

http://www.rofi.no

Saeed Textile

http://www.saeedtextile.com.pk

SG Textiles

http://www.sgtextiles.com

Sharza

http://www.sharza.com

Worldwide Shelters

http://www.worldwideshelters.com

Rotary

http://www.shelterbox.org

Design Shelter, Inc.

http://www.designshelter.com

PKL

http://www.pkl.co.uk

O.B. Wiik AS

http://www.obwiik.no

HOMErgent

http://www.homergent.com

HousAll Systems

http://www.housall.com

Creative Tent International

http://creativetent.us/disaster-events.php

TARPS

List of tarp providers:

Tarpaflex

http://www.tarpaflex.com

SG Textiles

http://www.sgtextiles.com

Reltex

http://www.reltex.net

Paramount Tarpaulin Industries

http://www.paramountpak.com

O.B. Wiik AS

http://www.obwiik.no

Lamifab Industries

http://www.lamifab.com

HSNDS

http://www.dinsons.com

Shelter Systems

http://www.shelter-systems.com

Al Farooq Enterprise

http://www.sabritextiles.com

Albion Canvas

http://www.albioncanvas.co.uk

Arun Manufacturing

http://www.pefilms-tarps-ropes.com

Atara Corporation

http://www.ataracorporation.com

Chancel International

http://www.chancelinternational.com/

City Textiles (PVT)

http://www.citytextile.com

 

Concrete Canvas Shelters

Concrete Canvas Shelters are rapidly deployable hardened shelters that require only water and air for construction.

CCS have two major advantages over conventional tented shelter:

- Operational: CCS enable a hardened structure from day one of an operation. They provide much better environmental protection, increased security and vastly improved medical capability.

English

Abeer Seikaly- Structural Fabric Weaves Tent Shelters

Structural Fabric Weaves Tent Shelters into Communities

Human life throughout history has developed in alternating waves of migration and settlement. The movement of people across the earth led to the discovery of new territories as well as the creation of new communities among strangers forming towns, cities, and nations. Navigating this duality between exploration and settlement, movement and stillness is a fundamental essence of what it means to be human.

English

Paramount Tarpaulin Industries

Based out of Karachi, Pakistan, Paramount Tarpaulin Industries has carved a niche for itself in the international market with a wide range of products ranging from Tents and Tarpaulins to garments and fabric. It is their intention to provide shelter and tentage for recreational, disaster relief, and war rehabilitation purpose in military, domestic and foreign markets.

English

ShelterBox USA (Rotary Club)

ShelterBoxes are sponsored by service clubs, Rotary Clubs, school and church groups, businesses and individuals throughout the USA and around the world.

Materials are ordered from a range of suppliers selected for general use, long-life, quality and price. ShelterBoxes are prepared and packed using all new materials as delivered from manufacturers, at the ShelterBox international warehouse based in Helston, Cornwall.

Undefined

Shelter In a Day

Using the same techniques and materials he originally developed for his eco-friendly furniture line Terrapeg, he immediately starting drafting plans for an emergency and disaster relief house he calls Shelter In Day.

Shelter In A Day provides not only safe, secure and sturdy emergency and disaster relief housing, but Shelters are also termite, rust and rot resistant and come equipped with lockable doors and windows. Shelter In A Day’s homes are eco-friendly as they are crafted from waterproof, recycled wood fiber material.

Undefined

NewHouse R & D- Decadome

-DecaDome’s® unique geometry makes incredibly strong, safe, yet lightweight buildings.
-DecaDomes® are easy to assemble or disassemble by two people with simple tools in one or two hours on a prepared site.
-Lightweight panels are man-portable; stack flat for easy shipping and storage.
-Different panel widths create different sized buildings: 3-ft-wide panels form ten-ft. diameter unit. 4 ft. panels make 12-ft. dia. units, 5-ft.-wide panels make 15 footer.

English